Between the spectra: Arnstein’s Ladder plugs the gap of IAP2 spectrum

Sally Hussey Adopting Arnstein’s 1969 Ladder of Citizen Participation alongside the current widespread use of the IAP2 spectrum might help governments engage more meaningfully with their citizens, recent research suggests. In Australia – indeed globally – governments increasingly recognise the need to shift toward more inclusive decision making processes. But there remains, what scholars Aaron […]

2 years ago

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